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取得新托福高分的十大关键技能

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十大关键技能 10 Target Skills

体现该技能的新托福题型 Toefl iBT Tasks

技能1

Making inferences
推论

阅读:

Making inferences from information in the passage

Making inferences about the author’s purpose

Understanding how new information fits into the passage

听力:

Making inferences from information in a talk or conversation

Making inferences about a speaker’s purpose and attitude

技能2

Identifying and using

main ideas and details

识别及运用文章大意及细节

 

阅读:

Basic understanding questions

Summary and fill in the table questions

听力:

Basic comprehension questions

Connecting content questions

技能3

Skimming and scanning

跳读和查读

 

阅读:

Basic information questions

口语:

Reading/Listening/Speaking questions

写作:

Reading/Listening/Writing questions

技能4

Using context clues

运用上下文线索

 

阅读:

Adding new information to a passage

Understanding the author’s purpose

听力:

Understanding a speaker’s purpose and attitude

技能5

Summarizing

篇章总结

 

阅读:

Summary and fill in the table questions

口语:

Integrated Reading/Listening/Speaking

Integrated Listening/Speaking

技能6

Paraphrasing

措辞变换

阅读:

Paraphrasing questions

Integrated Listening/Speaking

Integrated Reading/Listening/Speaking

写作:

Integrated Reading/Listening/Writing

技能7

Using detailed examples

运用细节性的例子

口语:

Independent Speaking

写作:

Independent Writing

技能8

Identifying and using

rhetorical structures

识别和运用修辞结构

 

阅读:

Rhetorical purpose questions

听力:

Understanding organization questions

Connecting content questions

口语:

All Speaking questions

写作:

All Writing questions

技能9

Comparing and contrasting

对比和对照

口语:

Reading/Listening/Speaking questions

写作:

Reading /Listening/Writing questions

技能10

Identifying and using

cohesive devices

识别和运用衔接手段

口语:

All Speaking questions

写作:

All Writing questions


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