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英语易混易错词汇小结

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1. clothes, cloth, clothing
clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数;cloth指布,为不可数名词;clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of 。


2. incident, accident
incident指小事件,accident指不幸的事故。如:He was killed in the accident.


3. amount, number
amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词,如:a number of students。


4. family, house, home
home 指家,包括住处和家人,house指房子、住宅,family指家庭成员,如:My family is a happy one.


5. sound, voice, noise
sound指自然界各种各样的声音,voice指人的嗓音,noise指噪音,如:I hate the loud noise outside.


6. photo, picture, drawing
photo指用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片、图片、电影片,drawing指画的画,如:Let's go and see a good picture.


7. vocabulary, word
vocabulary指词汇,一个人拥有的单词量;word指具体的单词。如:He has a large vocabulary.


8. population, people
population指人口、人数,people指具体的人,如:China has a large population.


9. weather, climate
weather指一天内具体的天气状况,climate指长期的气候状况,如:The climate here is not good for you.


10. road, street, path, way
road指具体的公路、马路,street指街道,path指小路、小径,way指道路、途径。如:take this road; in the street; show me the way to the museum.


11. course, subject
course指课程(可包括多门科目),subject指科目(具体的学科),如:a summer course。


12. custom, habit
custom指传统风俗、习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do;habit指生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing。 如:I've got the habit of drinking a lot.


13. cause, reason
cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth.;reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth., 如:the reason for being late。


14. exercise, exercises, practice
exercise指运动、锻炼(不可数),exercises指练习(可数),practice指(反复做的)练习。如:Practice makes perfect.


15. class, lesson
作“课”解时,两者可以替换;指课文用lesson,指班级或全体学生用class,如:lesson 6; class 5。


16. speech, talk, lecture
speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk指日常生活中的一般的谈话、讲话,lecture指学术性的演讲、讲课,如:a series of lecture on…


17. officer, official
officer指部队的军官,official指政府官员,如:an army officer 。


18. work, job
二者均指工作,work不可数,job可数,如:a good job。


19. couple, pair
couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部分组成的东西,如:a pair of trousers。


20. country, nation, state, land
country侧重指版图、疆域,nation指人民、国民、民族,state侧重指政府、政体,land指国土、国家。如:The whole nation was sad at the news.


21. cook, cooker
cook指厨师,cooker指厨具,如:He is a good cook.


22. damage, damages
damage是不可数名词,指损害、损失;damages为复数形式,指赔偿金,如:$900 damages。


23. police, policeman
police是警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词;policeman 指某个具体的警察。如:The police are questioning everyone in the house.


24. problem, question
problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise;question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用。


25. man, a man
man指人类,a man指一个男人。如:Man will conquer nature.


26. chick, chicken
二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉,如:The chicken is delicious.


27. telegram, telegraph
当“电报”解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的,如:a telegram, by telegraph。


28. trip, journey, travel, voyage
travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行,如:a three-day trip。


29. sport, game
sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球、游泳、打猎、赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则。如:His favorite sport is swimming.


30. price, prize
price指价格,prize指奖、奖品、奖金,如:win the first prize The price is high/low.


31. a number of, the number of
a number of指“许多”,谓语动词用复数。the number of指“…的数目”,谓语动词用单数。如:The number of students is increasing.


32. in front of, in the front of
in front of指范围外的前面,in the front of指范围内的前面,如:In the front of the room sits a boy.


33. of the day, of a day
of the day指每一天的、当时的、当代的,of a day指暂时的、不长久的,如:a famous scientist of the day。


34. three of us, the three of us
three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)。如:The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.


35. by bus, on the bus
by bus表手段、方式,不用冠词;on the bus表范围。如:They went there by bus.


36. for a moment, for the moment
for a moment “片刻、一会儿”,for the moment“暂时、一时”,如:Thinking for a moment, he agreed.


37. next year, the next year
next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语,如:He said he would go abroad the next year.


38. more than a year, more than one year
more than a year“一年多”,more than one year“超过一年”(两年或三年等)


39. take advice, take the(one’s) advice
take advice“征求意见”,take the advice“接受忠告”,如:He refused to take the advice and failed again.


40. take air, take the air
take air“传播、走漏”,take the air“到户外去、散步”,如:We take the air every day.


41. in a word, in words
in a word“总之、一句话”, in words“口头上”,如:In a word, you are right.


42. in place of, in the place of
in place of“代替”,in the place of“在…地方”,如:A new building is built in the place of the old one.


43. in secret, in the secret
in secret“秘密地、暗自地、偷偷地”,一般用作状语;in the secret指知道内情、知道秘密,一般用作表语。如:My mother was in the secret from the beginning.


44. a girl, one girl
a girl可泛指所有女孩, one girl指一个女孩,如:Can one girl carry such a big box?


45. take a chair, take the chair
take a chair“相当于”,sit down“坐下”,take the chair“开始开会”


46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea
go to sea“当海员、出航”,by sea“乘船、由海路”, by the sea“在海边”,如:go by sea。


47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher
the doctor and teacher指一个人,既是医生又是老师;the doctor and the teacher指两个人,一个医生和一个老师。


48. in office, in the office
in office“在职的”,in the office“在办公室里”,如:He is in office, not out of office.


49. in bed, on the bed
in bed“卧在床上”,on the bed“在床上”,如:The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.


50. in charge of, in the charge of
in charge of“管理、负责照料”,in the charge of“由……照料”,如:He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.


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